Syed Mujtaba Ali was a Bengali journalist, author, academician, travel enthusiast, scholar and polyglot. He lived in Bangladesh, Germany, Afghanistan, Egypt and India. He was a famous activist and supporter of Bengali as the national language of East Pakistan.
He was born in Karimganj in Sylhet district of Bengal presidency. His father was a Sub-Registrar. Mujtaba was the youngest son. Mujtaba Ali passed the matriculation exam from Sylhet Government Pilot High School. He completed intermediate exam from Sylhet MC College. After that he went to Visva-Bharati University. He graduated from there in 1926. He was amid the first graduates of that university. He studied for a short time in Aligarh Muslim University. He moved to Kabul to work in the education department. He served there as a professor during 1927 to 1929. He went to Germany with a scholarship. He studied at the universities in Berlin and later on in Bonn from 1929 to 1932. He gained his PhD degree from University of Bonn in 1932.
After the divination, Ali went from India to the East Pakistan now Bangladesh in 1947. He was one of the first to call for Bangle as state language on 30th November in 1947. In 1948, he was the principal of Azizul Huq College, Bogra. He wrote an essay known The State Language of East Pakistan there.
Ali’s mother tongue was Bengali. He also knew fifteen languages. He was a guide of a sole category of Bengali writing. Ramya Rachana became enormously popular, typically because of the striking writing style of Ali. Deshe Bideshe is one of Ali’s best writing. Ali returned to Bangladesh after the liberation in 1972. He died on 11th February 1974 at Dhaka City when he was sixty nine years old. He was honored Ekushey Padak by the Government of Bangladesh in 2005.