Coal is a readily flammable grainy rock composed essentially of plant materials. It created with small amount of inert matter present in the form of mineral layers. Coal mining in Bangladesh started with the discovery of the first coal mine in Jamalganj in 1962. Coal resource of Bangladesh has been playing a vital role for producing electricity. Almost all manufacturing industries are using coal.
Till now there are five major coalfields have been discovered in Bangladesh. These are situated at Jamalganj, Barapukuria, Khalashpir, Dighipara and Phulbari. More than 170 years ago geologists guessed that good opportunity of discovering large coal deposit in North Bengal. Possibility of the geologist’s was just field pointing for oil in 1959 SVOC drilled a hole in Kuchma X-1 in Bogra district. It was faced at a depth of 2381m from superficial.
After evaluation of a full geological and geophysical survey it recognized thirteen locations. These are in the area of bigger Rangpur and Dinajpur districts as the potential sinks for coal survey. These wells were drilled in five basins out of which high quality bituminous coal. In addition the foreign company BHP also discovered a coal backup in one basin. The Geological Survey of Bangladesh located another coal at Khalashpir of Rangpur District between the year of1984-1985. It was about one hundred and fifty meters depth. It was estimated reserve about of 450 million tons of coal. This deposit requires to be assessed in respect of its possible.
In 1995 another major coalfield was discovered at Dighipara by GSB. It was met at adept of about 250 meter below the surface. In 1997 BHP discovered a major coalfield named Phulbari Thana in Dinajpur district. Here coal was faced depth of 130-260 meter under surface. The total coal reserve of these five discovered fields about 2000 million tons. At present coal is being manufactured commercially only from the Barapukuria underground coal mine through a period of eight years of assembly.