Nawab Sir Khwaja Salimullah Bahadur was the fourth Nawab of Dhaka. He was one of the leading Muslim politicians during the British period. He was born on 7th June in 1871. Khwaja Salimullah was the eldest son of the third Nawab of Dhaka. He was born at the Ahsan Manzil.
In 1893 he began his career in government service as Deputy Magistrate. In 1895 he started his business in Mymensingh. He took over the position of Nawab of the Dhaka after his father’s death in 1901. During 1903 to 1904, he began sustaining the partition of Bengal. He was considered in both Bangladesh and Pakistan as a huge freedom fighter. He was the founder President of Bengal Muslim League in 1907.
He asked with Nawab Muhsinul Mulk at Aligarh over the subject of pattern of the All India Muslim League. The Muslim League was formally founded at the educational conference held in Dhaka in 1906. Salimullah played a revolutionary role to gripe against re-union of Bengal.
Khwaja Salimullah was a key supporter of education for the Eastern Bengal. He was one of the creators of the University of Dhaka and the exalted Ahsanullah School of Engineering. He was a backer follower of the Partition of Bengal. He was an associate of Assam Legislative Council and East Bengal from 1906 to 1907. Bengal Legislative Assembly made him a member from 1913 till his death. It held in Calcutta in 1915 when he forty three years old.
Khwaja Salimullah was died on 16th January in 1915 when he was forty three years old. He had been buried at Begum Bazaar in Dhaka City. There are several places named after him. These are Salimullah Muslim Hall, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Salimullah Orphanage and Nawab Salimullah Road, Naryanganj. Bangladeshi government initiated a memorial postage stamp in honour of Sir Salimullah in 1993.